With an internet connection and a computer or mobile phone, traders can now open an account and trade in a market that was previously only accessible to banks, large companies and financial institutions, and very wealthy individuals. Brokers also offer services that can be valuable in assisting traders to understand price movements and potentially make profits.
A forex broker, also known as a retail forex broker, or currency trading broker, in modern financial and commercial trading means an intermediary who buys and sells a particular asset or assets for a commission. Thus, a broker may be thought of as a salesman of financial assets. The origin of the term is unclear, though it is thought to stem from old French.
Most retail forex brokerages act in the role of dealers, often taking the other side of a trade in order to provide liquidity for traders. Brokers make money with this activity by charging a small fee through a bid-ask spread. Before the emergence of retail forex brokerages, individual trading amounts less than US$1 million were discouraged from entering the market by high bid-ask spreads.4)